HIV Testing Protocols

THE PENNSYLVANIA CONFIDENTIALITY OF HIV-RELATED INFORMATION ACT (Act 148), as amended

In 1988, the Pennsylvania legislature passed the Confidentiality of HIV-Related Information Act, (otherwise known as Act 148) to prevent unauthorized HIV testing and disclosure of HIV-related information without the individual’s consent.  In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) made recommendations designed to increase HIV testing. Not all of the recommendations were permissible under Pennsylvania law.  In July 2011, Act 148 was amended to allow the CDC recommendations to be legally implemented in Pennsylvania.

Resources/Glossary:

Confidentiality of HIV-Related Information Act, commonly known as Act 148 (as amended by Act 59) This law details Pennsylvania’s HIV testing protocols. The law prohibits HIV testing without an individual’s informed documented consent, except in limited instances.

The Pennsylvania Confidentiality OF HIV-Related Information Act (Act 148), as amended – TRAINING OUTLINE (October 16, 2015)

“Before and After” Comparison of Recent Changes to Pennsylvania’s HIV-testing Law (November 2011)

Fundamental Principles for HIV Testing (April 2011)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2006 revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents and pregnant women in health-care settings (September 2006)

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